THe 2019 Under A Ranked Ballot

Shortly after the "Proportional Representation Thought Experiment" I published near the end of the federal campaign, several readers asked me to perform other kinds of simulations to test various voting systems. Even though electoral reform will most likely not be on the radar of this 43rd legislature, I am always willing to play a little politics-fiction - especially if data of quality is available.

How about a ranked ballot? Under this system, voters do not put an X or a check mark next to their preferred candidate, but rather ranks them with numbers "1", "2", "3"... This electoral system was the one preferred by the governing Liberals when the electoral reform debate raged on two years ago. Those who followed these consultations closely will remember that the NDP and Greens wanted proportional representation, the Liberals insisted on a ranked-ballot and the Conservatives wanted no reform at all. Without a consensus, the Liberals abandoned electoral reform altogether, leaving behind several disappointed (and angry) voters.

Read this article in Maclean's.

Philippe J. Fournier is the creator of Qc125 and 338Canada. He teaches physics and astronomy at Cégep de Saint-Laurent in Montreal. For information or media request, please write to

Philippe J. Fournier est le créateur de Qc125 et 338Canada. Il est professeur de physique et d'astronomie au Cégep de Saint-Laurent à Montréal. Pour toute information ou pour une demande d'entrevue médiatique, écrivez à